Andre randWe battled hard both nights," Quinnipiac head coach Rand Pecknold said afterwards. "I thought Sacred Heart was really good last night, UConn was good, I give them a lot of credit.TreasuryOne's currency expert Andre Cilliers dives into the factors influencing the rand dollar price action at the moment. iono.fm may request cookies to be stored on our device. We use cookies to understand how you interact with us, to enrich and personalise your experience, to enable social media ... View Andre Du Rand's profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Andre has 1 job listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Andre's connections and jobs at similar companies.Rand is willing to do anything to keep the rape covered up. Witnesses start to lie, suspects refuse to turn on one another, and people start to get seriously injured. Benson's apartment is broken into, two witnesses are assaulted, and another one ends up killed, in a series of harrowing incidents engineered by Rand and Pell. Sep 08, 1987 · NORMAN S. FELIG, J.. Following his arraignment in Criminal Court on August 4, 1987 on charges of having kidnapped 12-year-old Jennifer Schweiger, who mysteriously disappeared from the vicinity of her Staten Island home on July 9, 1987, the defendant herein, Andre Rand, was committed to the psychiatric ward of Kings County Hospital for an examination to determine his competence to stand trial ... Rand’s first conviction for sexually molesting a nine-year-old girl, happened after he left employment at Willowbrook; however, one look at the drooling, bug-eyed Andre Rand outside the courthouse at his trials lets you know something wasn’t right with him. Sep 13, 2021 · Our currency expert Andre Cilliers joins Bronwyn Nielsen in the heat seat as the two discuss both local and international currency movements. The rand has shown considerable strength in the past few days, despite commodity prices softening. Andre said he expects the rand to give up some of the gains against the major currencies. Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. He is eligible for parole in 2037.See what Andre Rand (andrerand) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. More ideas from Andre Rand.A disturbed transient named Andre Rand was convicted of murdering two kids, but did..." July 13, 2009 Screens Post by Marc Savlov Reefer Roundup: 10/21/11 Andre Rand and Scott William Cox are connected through List of serial killers in the United States and List of serial killers in the United States.View Rough Draft - Rand from ENGLISH 101 at Washington State University. Mabry 1 Jackie Mabry English 101 Professor Brouwer 2/7/18 Is Andre Rand Guilty or Innocent? The documentary, Cropsey, directedsprint pcsUsing rand is easy enough, it returns an integer between zero and MAXINT when you call it so you use modulus to reduce it to range you need. For example. int die = rand () % 6 + 1; // die is 1,2,3,4,5 or 6. int lotto = rand () % 49 + 1; // 49 balls in the UK lottery. Random numbers are typically generated by a simple x' = a * x + b or CRC like ...RAND () function is directly not allowed to use in the UDF so we have to find alternate way to use the same function. This can be achieved by creating a VIEW which is using RAND () function and use the same VIEW in the UDF. Here is the step by step instructions. Create a VIEW using RAND function. 1.View Rough Draft - Rand from ENGLISH 101 at Washington State University. Mabry 1 Jackie Mabry English 101 Professor Brouwer 2/7/18 Is Andre Rand Guilty or Innocent? The documentary, Cropsey, directedIn October 2004, Andre Rand, now 72, was found guilty in state Supreme Court, St. George, of abducting Holly Ann Hughes, 7, as she walked on a street in her Port Richmond neighborhood 23...Summary of S.3711 - 117th Congress (2021-2022): A bill to ensure that no cost reduction or cash refund is due under certain transportation cost-reimbursement contracts on the basis of the forgiveness of certain covered loans, and for other purposes.Aug 11, 2010 · SICKO: Andre Rand, a physical therapist at a mental institution, was arrested for kidnapping a patient. Staten Island Advance/Tony Caran In the 1970s, young reporter Geraldo Rivera, looking to ... Dude, bruh, I can't even imagine how many hours it takes you to filter the drivel of these people and find the gems you edit into your video. I've been watching you since YT days in '18.Andre Rand left Willowbrook long before it closed. Andre Rand was a worker in the Willowbrook State School for the mentally handicapped on Staten Island, a New York borough isolated from the city for many years before a bridge was constructed. Pereira went missing while Rand was released as a free man. .. Photo: Marcel van Hoorn.. Изучайте релизы Ande Rand на Discogs. Приобретайте пластинки, компакт-диски и многое другое от Ande Rand на маркетплейсе Discogs.Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative Carolyn D. Andre. Do payment incentives affect response time in a social experiment?Jan 10, 2019 · Andre Rand: el verdadero Cropsey. Cropsey es el coco por el que los niños tienen miedo de ir al baño en la madrugada, el ente que tu madre aseguraba te llevaría si no te comportabas. Es el nombre que susurran aquellos que ingresan a una casa abandonada, y también un demente armando con un garfio que asesina por nada más que puro placer. clipmegaReagan Ridley is the leading figure of the series as well as one of the main characters of the show. She is an inventor, head roboticist and team leader at Cognito, Inc.. Briefly, she was also its CEO. She is the daughter of the company's current CEO, Rand Ridley. Reagan is voiced by Lizzy Caplan. Reagan had a traumatizing childhood. Her father was sure that J.R. would attempt to remove him ...New TV Shows on Netflix. Today I saw the documentary film Cropsey on Netflix. Cropsey is available on Netflix Pakistan. Two filmmakers explore an urban legend from their own childhoods: a rash of child abductions that struck Staten Island, N.Y., in the 1970s and 80s. All promotional material including but not limited to trailers, images, logo's and videos are all copyright to their respective ...Andre Rand (nacido como Frank Rushan, 11 de marzo de 1944) es un estadounidense condenado por el secuestro de dos niños y presunto asesino en serie.Actualmente cumple una condena de 25 años en prisión a cadena perpetua, con posibilidad de libertad condicional hasta el año 2037. [1] Fue el tema del documental de 2009 Cropsey, en el que se afirma que puede haber sido el origen de la leyenda ...May 15, 2011 · STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. -- At his sentencing seven years ago for abducting a Port Richmond girl two decades earlier, Andre Rand launched into a rambling, half-hour monologue in which he denied guilt ... Andre Rand. Soundtrack. + Add or change photo on IMDbPro ». Contribute to IMDb. Add a bio, trivia, and more. Update information for Andre Rand ».Mar 22, 2015 · But as the doc points out, Cropsey turned frighteningly real in the 1970s, when a local drifter named Andre Rand allegedly began attacking the children of Staten Island. Rand, born Frank Rushan, worked as a janitor at the Willowbrook State School, an institution for mentally disabled children not far from the ruins of Seaview. Zamyatin and Rand by Peter Saint-Andre (2003) First published in the Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Volume 4, Number 2 (Spring 2003), pp. 285-304.. Introduction. Chris Sciabarra opened up many new avenues of Randian scholarship with the publication of his study Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical in 1995. Specifically, he argued that Rand's thought was not a-historical (as many of her followers, and ..."But, I don't understand. Why do you want me to think that this is great architecture?" He pointed to a picture of the Parthenon. "That," said the Dean, "is the Parthenon.""Inside Reagan" is the tenth and final episode of the first season of the Netflix series, Inside Job, It premiered on October 22, 2021, along with the rest of Season 1. To find a forgotten password and save Cognito Inc., Reagan goes deep into her mind and accesses memories from her dysfunctional childhood. Bear-O reveals that in monitoring Reagan, he realized that her work was damaging her ...Андре Рэнд - Andre Rand.lauren mcnamaraAndre Rand (nacido como Frank Rushan, 11 de marzo de 1944) es un estadounidense condenado por el secuestro de dos niños y presunto asesino en serie.Actualmente cumple una condena de 25 años en prisión a cadena perpetua, con posibilidad de libertad condicional hasta el año 2037. [1] Fue el tema del documental de 2009 Cropsey, en el que se afirma que puede haber sido el origen de la leyenda ...Rand’s first conviction for sexually molesting a nine-year-old girl, happened after he left employment at Willowbrook; however, one look at the drooling, bug-eyed Andre Rand outside the courthouse at his trials lets you know something wasn’t right with him. Summary of S.3711 - 117th Congress (2021-2022): A bill to ensure that no cost reduction or cash refund is due under certain transportation cost-reimbursement contracts on the basis of the forgiveness of certain covered loans, and for other purposes.Андре Рэнд - Andre Rand.Изучайте релизы Ande Rand на Discogs. Приобретайте пластинки, компакт-диски и многое другое от Ande Rand на маркетплейсе Discogs.Information Congestion: open access in a two-sided market Figures (with Andre de Palma), April 2007; RAND Journal of Economics (2009), 40(4), 688-709. Entry on Product Differentiation for New Palgrave Dictionary Thanks to Emily Blanchard, Maxim Engers, Sanjay Jain, and Cat Tyler for their comments.Rand McNally United States Atlas|Rand McNally And Company, History Of The American Wars: Comprising The War Of The Revolution And The War Of 1812|R. Thomas A.M, Hanging On (Fiction - General)|Sarah Baird-Smith, Addresses Delivered At The Dedication Of The Dairy Industry And Horticulture Buildings (1922 )|University Of California Agricultural Extension ServiceExplorez les références de Ande Rand sur Discogs. Achetez les vinyles, CDs de Ande Rand, et plus encore sur la Marketplace Discogs.Whether it's Reagan, Rand, and Tamiko Ridley or Brett, Dolphman, Dr. Andre, and Magic Myc, Netflix's Inside Job is loaded with funny characters. Netflix's new adult animated series Inside Job takes a satirical swipe at the nature of U.S politics, conspiracy theories, corporate malfeasance, and the white-collar workspace in general.See what Andre Rand (andrerand) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. More ideas from Andre Rand.RAND LEASES INDUSTRIAL ESTATE Main Reef Road, Rand Leases. Corporate Offices to Let - 1 219 m² (Also ideal for Call-Centre) CONTACT +27-82-710-0060 OR +27-11-768 3471 . Click to view the interior view Click here to enlarge RAND LEASES INDUSTRIAL ESTATE Main Reef Road, Rand Leases. Warehouse from 957m² to 2 486m² to let Andre Laroy Richardson Obituary. August 5, 2016 / in Obituaries /. by admin.Horror News | HNN Official Site | Horror Movies,Trailers, Reviews. HOME; News. A DARK FOE - Out July 30 07/12/2021The rand was stronger in thin holiday trade on Friday, building on gains made a day earlier when South African markets rode a global rally on easing concerns around the Omicron variant of the ...shemalecummingSo the two, Google's Andrey Lipattsev & Moz's Rand Fishkin, were in a Google Q&A via WebPromo hangout yesterday and discussed it around 14 minutes into the hangout. It is really interesting to watch.Yes, I want to receive the André Rieu newsletter with tour alerts of concerts in my area and other news from and about André Rieu and his Johann Strauss Orchestra. I agree with the conditions below and...At 5.22pm on Friday, the rand had weakened 1.45% to R15.6787/$, 1.49% to R17.4799/€ and 1.68% to R21.0315/£. The euro was little changed at $1.1146. It has been a turbulent week triggered by ...Zamyatin and Rand by Peter Saint-Andre (2003) First published in the Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Volume 4, Number 2 (Spring 2003), pp. 285-304.. Introduction. Chris Sciabarra opened up many new avenues of Randian scholarship with the publication of his study Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical in 1995. Specifically, he argued that Rand's thought was not a-historical (as many of her followers, and ...TreasuryOne's currency expert Andre Cilliers dives into the factors influencing the rand dollar price action at the moment. iono.fm may request cookies to be stored on our device. We use cookies to understand how you interact with us, to enrich and personalise your experience, to enable social media ... Andre Rand - we found 103 people search records: 48 LinkedIn & Facebook profiles, 3 address & phone number records, 34 real estate objects, 9 Andre Rand's cars, 4 companies registration records.Rand er gyldigt betalingsmiddel i alle fire CMA-lande. Brugen af zimbabwisk dollar blev suspenderet i Zimbabwe 12. april 2009 grundet hyperinflation, og rand bruges nu også i Zimbabwe sammen med adskillige andre valutaer (botswanske pula, britiske pund, euro, amerikanske dollar, australske dollar (AUD), kinesiske yuan, indiske rupi og japanske ...wheelfireAndre Rand, a 58-year-old drifter and sex offender, is serving 25 years to life for kidnapping 12-year-old Jennifer Schweiger, whose nude body was found in 1987 in a shallow grave near Rand's campsite on the abandoned grounds of the Willowbrook state mental facility. Rand, Frank Rushan olarak doğdu. "Andre Rand" isminin kökeni bilinmemektedir. 2009 belgeselindeki küçük kız kardeşine göre Cropseyne o ne de Rand çocukken cinsel veya fiziksel istismara uğramadı...Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. Portfolio. [1] He was the magazine's fashion news director from 1983 to 1987 and then its creative director from 1988 to 1995. Andre Rand was born as Frank Rushan, but his ...Paul Rand (Designer) Title DADA Poster Origin United States Date 1951 Medium Screenprint on paper Dimensions 91.6 × 61.3 cm (36 1/16 × 24 1/8 in.) Credit Line Funds provided by the Architecture & Design Society Reference Number 2015.169 Extended information about this artwork.So the two, Google's Andrey Lipattsev & Moz's Rand Fishkin, were in a Google Q&A via WebPromo hangout yesterday and discussed it around 14 minutes into the hangout. It is really interesting to watch.Andre Rand's Movies. Filter.Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. He is eligible for parole in 2037. He is the subject of the 2009 documentary Cropsey.Paul Rand (Designer) Title DADA Poster Origin United States Date 1951 Medium Screenprint on paper Dimensions 91.6 × 61.3 cm (36 1/16 × 24 1/8 in.) Credit Line Funds provided by the Architecture & Design Society Reference Number 2015.169 Extended information about this artwork.This week join Nicole and Noelle as they tie the legend of Cropsey together with the crimes of Andre Rand. Hear all about the missing children of Staten Island to the murder of Jennifer Schweiger and the atrocities at Willowbrook State School (and the worlds worst documentary) ...Andre Rand. О персоне. Дата рождения.Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. He is eligible for parole in 2037.Critics have scored this wine 82 points. Users have rated this wine 2 out of 5 stars. Les Frionnes is a Premier Cru vineyard in the Saint-Aubin appellation of Burgundy's Côte de Beaun ... Stores and prices for '1949 Domaine Andre Moingeon & Fils Les Frionne ... ' | prices, stores, tasting notes and market data.Andre Rand. Soundtrack. + Add or change photo on IMDbPro ». Contribute to IMDb. Add a bio, trivia, and more. Update information for Andre Rand ».André Rand. Karakter: (0 av 6 - 0 stemmer). Annonse «Hatchet II». Andre omgang er mer variabel... «Et glass til».article by Dr. Sydney T. Chapman published by 'The Survey of Bath and District' No. 24, October 2009, about Major John André and the plaque at No. 22, The Circus, Bath, England.Two filmmakers investigate the disappearance of five children and the real boogeyman linked to them.Изучайте релизы Ande Rand на Discogs. Приобретайте пластинки, компакт-диски и многое другое от Ande Rand на маркетплейсе Discogs.We battled hard both nights," Quinnipiac head coach Rand Pecknold said afterwards. "I thought Sacred Heart was really good last night, UConn was good, I give them a lot of credit.omicron persei 8Listen to Jennifer Schweiger, Andre Rand and Cropsey? MP3 Song from the album True Crime Paranormal - season - 2 free online on Gaana. Download Jennifer Schweiger, Andre Rand and Cropsey? song and listen Jennifer Schweiger, Andre Rand and Cropsey? MP3 song offline.Andre Rand left Willowbrook long before it closed. Andre Rand was a worker in the Willowbrook State School for the mentally handicapped on Staten Island, a New York borough isolated from the city for many years before a bridge was constructed. Pereira went missing while Rand was released as a free man. .. Photo: Marcel van Hoorn..Andre Rand — The Cropsey Of Staten Island. Though eerie bedtime stories are a standard, thrilling part of most everyone's early childhood, these ominous little tales soon became disquietingly real.Geo resource failed to load. May 22, 2015 at 5:42 pm EDT. PITTSBURGH — A Pittsburgh man accused of murdering a man who disappeared in 2014 learned Friday that he will stand trial on a homicide ...“Andre is a talented, professional and practical leader. His incredible ability to lead and influence large teams, across multiple functional areas and countries, whilst delivering architecture services is a rare skill. I found his solution approach balanced, practical and thoughtful. Rand's remarkable resilience inflicts pain on its doubters. Rand gains against dollar for fifth week out of six. By Bloomberg News 13 Feb 2022 10:52. Image: Bloomberg. There is a reason South ...Laura Andre brings the engineering community together > Laser Cooling with Laura Andre > Research. Research Area: Optics and Photonics Advisor: Prof. Stephen Rand. Research Project: Laura's research project is on laser cooling of solids, which is essentially the process of removing thermal energy from condensed matter through interactions ...Андре Рэнд - Andre Rand.Copy/paste this Yverdon-les-Bains blueprint in 2022. Dimitri Burkhard. January 30, 2022. 5 min read. Up until recently, the largest body of water located entirely within Switzerland was unchartered territory for us. But ask any Roman back in 325 AD and they would have told you that Lake Neuchâtel, and Yverdon-les-Bain in particular, were ...Andre Rand's Movies. Filter.Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. He is eligible for parole in 2037.purple nurpleView Andre Du Rand's profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Andre has 1 job listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Andre's connections and jobs at similar companies.Horror News | HNN Official Site | Horror Movies,Trailers, Reviews. HOME; News. A DARK FOE - Out July 30 07/12/2021Child kidnapper Andre Rand is also known as the "real Cropsey." Andre Rand wasn't an escaped mental patient, but he did once work at Willowbrook State Hopsital, the Staten Island asylum the...Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan; March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison.Public bananode RPC API for the BANANO network. txt - 1 ERSTER muss modifiren mit andre[server seed client seed server seed hash nonce 2 ZWEITTER muss modifiren dem mit\x 3 DRETTERSha256 is a function of algorithm Sha2 (as 384, 512, and more recently 224 bits versions), which is the evolution of Sha1, itself an evolution of Sha-0.117th Congress } { Report HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 2d Session } { 117-253 ===== PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 3967) TO IMPROVE HEALTH CARE AND BENEFITS FOR VETERANS EXPOSED TO TOXIC SUBSTANCES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES _____ February 28, 2022.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed.- Andre Rand, convicted child kidnapper and suspected serial killer in conversation with inmates. As America agonizes over a wave of horrific child abductions and murders this summer...May 15, 2011 · STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. -- At his sentencing seven years ago for abducting a Port Richmond girl two decades earlier, Andre Rand launched into a rambling, half-hour monologue in which he denied guilt ... An incredible letter and is signed Andre Rand in manuscript writing. This piece is signed in full Andre Rand in cursive writing. - NY State Dept of Corrections Disbursement/Refund slip filled out by Rand.Find something interesting to watch in seconds. Infinite suggestions of high quality videos and topicsSep 13, 2021 · Our currency expert Andre Cilliers joins Bronwyn Nielsen in the heat seat as the two discuss both local and international currency movements. The rand has shown considerable strength in the past few days, despite commodity prices softening. Andre said he expects the rand to give up some of the gains against the major currencies. silicon nerd reviewsAndre is a very professional agent with exceptional local area knowledge. He went above and beyond. I Highly recommend selling your home or investm... Read full review. 709/109 Oxford Street Bondi Junction NSW 2022. 2 2 1. Private Sale/Treaty, 22 December 2020.Geo resource failed to load. May 22, 2015 at 5:42 pm EDT. PITTSBURGH — A Pittsburgh man accused of murdering a man who disappeared in 2014 learned Friday that he will stand trial on a homicide ...Размразяващата приказка за Андре Ранд започва като градска легенда, за мъж с ръка на кука, който краде деца. За съжаление, тази история за лягане не беше далеч от истината.An incredible letter and is signed Andre Rand in manuscript writing. This piece is signed in full Andre Rand in cursive writing. - NY State Dept of Corrections Disbursement/Refund slip filled out by Rand.Андре Дарриранд - André Darrigrand. Для лингвиста см. Роберт Дарриранд.Andre Rand (born Frank Rushan March 11, 1944) is an American convicted kidnapper of two children and suspected serial killer, currently serving 25 years to life in prison. He is eligible for parole in 2037.Rand is willing to do anything to keep the rape covered up. Witnesses start to lie, suspects refuse to turn on one another, and people start to get seriously injured. Benson's apartment is broken into, two witnesses are assaulted, and another one ends up killed, in a series of harrowing incidents engineered by Rand and Pell. Andre Pharand is the Global Management Consulting Lead for Accenture's Postal and Parcel Industry who has over 20 years of experience. Read more.Dynamic digital marketing professional with expertise in the art and science of web analytics. Experience working with several of the nation's leading brands including Apple, Acura, Citibank, and Moët Hennessy USA. "Renaissance man" skilled in multiple strategic, technological, and creative domains. Recipient of Silverpop national award for driving $6 million in incremental revenue ...description for your awesome landing page extended warranty refund calculator andre rand update 2021. Posted on December 13, 2021 by December 13, 2021 bydailypass.lausd.netAndré Rand Songs - Listen Online Only you, Only you (and you alone). Known for. Filmography: André Rand songs. Buy Discography:Whether it's Reagan, Rand, and Tamiko Ridley or Brett, Dolphman, Dr. Andre, and Magic Myc, Netflix's Inside Job is loaded with funny characters. Netflix's new adult animated series Inside Job takes a satirical swipe at the nature of U.S politics, conspiracy theories, corporate malfeasance, and the white-collar workspace in general.Rand is willing to do anything to keep the rape covered up. Witnesses start to lie, suspects refuse to turn on one another, and people start to get seriously injured. Benson's apartment is broken into, two witnesses are assaulted, and another one ends up killed, in a series of harrowing incidents engineered by Rand and Pell. Aug 11, 2010 · SICKO: Andre Rand, a physical therapist at a mental institution, was arrested for kidnapping a patient. Staten Island Advance/Tony Caran In the 1970s, young reporter Geraldo Rivera, looking to ... Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative Carolyn D. Andre. Do payment incentives affect response time in a social experiment?Paul Rand (Designer) Title DADA Poster Origin United States Date 1951 Medium Screenprint on paper Dimensions 91.6 × 61.3 cm (36 1/16 × 24 1/8 in.) Credit Line Funds provided by the Architecture & Design Society Reference Number 2015.169 Extended information about this artwork.Андре Рэнд - Andre Rand.Rand’s first conviction for sexually molesting a nine-year-old girl, happened after he left employment at Willowbrook; however, one look at the drooling, bug-eyed Andre Rand outside the courthouse at his trials lets you know something wasn’t right with him. "But, I don't understand. Why do you want me to think that this is great architecture?" He pointed to a picture of the Parthenon. "That," said the Dean, "is the Parthenon."Whether it's Reagan, Rand, and Tamiko Ridley or Brett, Dolphman, Dr. Andre, and Magic Myc, Netflix's Inside Job is loaded with funny characters. Netflix's new adult animated series Inside Job takes a satirical swipe at the nature of U.S politics, conspiracy theories, corporate malfeasance, and the white-collar workspace in general.Mar 19, 2018 · RuPaul was born RuPaul Andre Charles on November 17, 1960, in San Diego, California. His parents divorced when RuPaul was seven, and he moved to Atlanta, Georgia, with his sister and her husband ... caln -fc